By Matt Werner
Every Sunday morning for the last 17 years, Zyg Deutschman has gone over to JC Orton’s house at 6 a.m. to help prepare breakfast for the homeless in Berkeley. One morning, about a decade ago, JC opened his door to find Zyg slumped over on his doorstep. JC first thought Zyg was drunk but then saw that Zyg’s face was gray. He was having a major heart attack. JC called 911 and continued preparing the meal after the paramedics arrived and took Zyg to the hospital.
Years later, JC recalls how he was able to finish getting the meal out on time that morning. He filled his van with oatmeal, grits, sweet rolls and fruit; arrived at People’s Park in time to feed the 80 or so people who’d gathered for breakfast; then drive to Civic Center Park (also called Provo Park, across from Berkeley’s City Hall), where he fed about 80 more people. This was all in a day’s work for JC, who heads up the organization Night on the Streets Catholic Worker.
JC lives below the poverty line. He suffers from diabetes. Skin cancer has left scars below his left eye and left forearm. His wife is bipolar and recovering from drug addiction. Despite these odds, he and the Worker serve breakfast in the parks every Sunday morning and soup three nights a week. JC, aided by a few college students and recent grads, distributes hundreds of sleeping bags and runs the storm shelter on cold and rainy nights.
JC is a skilled negotiator who tracks price fluctuations of staples and dry goods on spreadsheets, and recently asked the military surplus store on San Pablo Avenue, “In 2013, you sold me 250 ponchos for $5.50 per unit. Could you make that happen again this year?” The deal went through, and the military-grade ponchos have kept Berkeley’s homeless dry for another winter.
Feed my sheep
JC Orton looks like a street-smart Santa. He wears Bill-Gates-1980s-style glasses, a black button-down shirt, gray vest, black jeans and worn, black tennis shoes. His trademark black Stetson hat frames his white beard. At age 65, he owns few possessions. His only extravagances are the iMac and iPhone that he uses to keep track of sleeping bags, copies of Street Spirit, and the mail he distributes to the homeless. For those on the street without an address, he set up a PO Box, and they can pick up their mail at free meals around Berkeley. He takes pictures of the hundreds of people he delivers mail to, and these photos sometimes serve as a person’s only recent identification record. JC holds memorial services for the homeless, enlarging the deceased’s photo and posting it in the person’s favorite spot.
JC says he will continue serving those in need until he physically can’t do it anymore. Conversation with him jumps from details like who’s doing the laundry that day for the shelter, to stories from the lives of those who inspire him, including Martin Luther King Jr., Henry David Thoreau, Archbishop Oscar Romero, and Catholic Worker founders Peter Maurin and Dorothy Day. JC peppers his conversation with phrases like “We see the face of Christ in everyone in the soup line.”
Night on the Streets Catholic Worker is an all-volunteer effort that JC coordinates without pay. He recruited Zyg Deutschman and fellow volunteer David Hahn at a Bible study group in 1997. The group was discussing the passage John 21:15-19, where Jesus tells Peter, “Feed my sheep.” JC chimed in that they could continue talking about the passage or come out with him one evening and actually feed hungry people on the streets of Berkeley. Hahn and Zyg joined him.
JC relates to the mentally ill easily. As a teen growing up in Los Angeles in the 1960s, he was a patient in the mental health system in Southern California. He says, “We’re all wingnuts, a bit loopy for renouncing wealth and most material possessions.” Add to that categorization the fact that many of his clients are aging radicals wary of organized religion, and it makes sense why JC wore a hardware-store wingnut strung on a shower stopper chain in lieu of a cross for many years.
David Hahn says of JC’s efforts, “It is an understatement to say that Night on the Streets has made a difference in Berkeley. JC has actually created services for the homeless when they did not exist.” JC started out distributing food and necessities, then expanded his services to include visiting the sick, helping people find housing, and even helping with income taxes. JC now speaks at local schools to get students involved in issues of poverty and homelessness.
Every Monday, Wednesday and Friday during winter, JC drives his 1991 Volkswagen van with over 300,000 miles on it around Berkeley handing out soup and hot chocolate along Shattuck and Telegraph avenues. The van smells of old chocolate milk and has the aroma of old bread, oatmeal and grits from years of hauling the Sunday morning breakfast. A Night on the Streets – Catholic Worker banner affixed to the side features a drawing of Jesus in a soup line. On the rear window there’s a sign saying “Providing award-winning service since 1997” with a listing of all of the meals and services available to homeless throughout Berkeley.
When JC drives the van down Shattuck, it’s as if he’s Berkeley’s other mayor, a celebrity among the homeless. Folks lying on the sidewalk stand up, wave and smile at him. One man shouts, “Hey JC, Where’s my papers?” With his window down, JC shouts back to the man across the street, “Meet me at the Quarter Meal.”
When asked why he does his service publicly on the streets of Berkeley, JC said: “People watching can see what their fellow citizens are doing, and perhaps think about what they could do to help feed and clothe those in need. We’ve called our Catholic Worker effort ‘Night on the Streets’ because the streets is where we do our service. Hopefully someone will be inspired seeing us out there to also help those in need in our community.”
Brando Gutierrez, who drives the van to deliver soup Monday nights, said, “Sometimes that bowl of soup is all these folks get that night. A gentleman may be cold and on the ground, but this shows him that he’s human, that he’s cared for. It makes a world of a difference.”
Like Costco’s back room
Out of his humble duplex off University Avenue in West Berkeley, JC operates a food pantry in his garage, equipped with industrial fridges, racks of donated canned goods, sacks of dehydrated potatoes. Next to the dried goods, JC stores volumes of the Catholic Encyclopedia.
Gutierrez, a volunteer for over six years, describes JC’s house as being “like Costco’s back room. He’s meticulously organized. He can tell you four years ago who served corn at the MLK dinner.”
JC’s attention to detail and felicity with numbers has kept him as the representative payee for a dozen East Bay residents, mostly homeless or institutionalized people in Berkeley. At one point the city of Berkeley paid him to manage the finances of people who city social workers found elusive due to mental illness, drug issues and jail terms. JC said that, after the city ran out of funds to pay him, he kept at it. “The need didn’t go away,” he says.
With JC’s organizational skills and thoroughness, if he were applying for jobs as a bookkeeper, commodities trader, or corporate admin he’d be in high demand. He holds “office hours” at Peet’s Coffee at Shattuck Avenue and Kittredge Street from 7:30-9 a.m. six days a week. People stop by to ask him for assistance applying for Social Security, Medi-Cal or Section 8 housing.
JC uses his coffeehouse “office” as one of several mail distribution points, and if he sees that someone is receiving a W-2 he’ll ask if they’re doing taxes to get their withholding back. (Sometimes a tax refund is enough to afford housing for a month or two.) Using TurboTax on his home computer, he fills out 1040EZs, brings them back for signatures, supplies envelopes and postage, and walks each client to the mailbox. If someone’s in prison, rehab or a psych ward, he holds onto their mail until they return. He freely gives out his cell number. On the first of each month, he routinely receives over 100 phone calls inquiring about checks.
Before he began volunteering with the Catholic Worker full-time, JC studied in Greece, studied computer programming, raced motorcycles down “The Snake” on the Mulholland Highway in Southern California, collected coins, and worked at a lumber yard in Millbrae. He held this last job until he wasn’t rehired after serving time in prison in 2003. JC was arrested when he protested at Ft. Benning in Georgia.
The annual School of the Americas vigil, attended by over 10,000 Catholics, honors the six Jesuit priests who were killed by Latin American commandos trained at the U.S. base. JC said that, after hearing the peace activist Fr. John Dear speak, he felt compelled to join the non-violent demonstration. “It was as a direct action of civil disobedience showing our opposition to the U.S. government teaching torture,” JC said. He was cited with trespassing onto a U.S. military base along with 84 other marchers. He was fined $1,000 and served 90 days in federal prison.
In addition to protesting against violence, weapons and war, JC advocates on behalf of those without medical coverage. He’s been in their shoes as an uninsured patient seeking surgery for skin cancer at Highland Hospital.
A homeless man, who asked not to be identified, outside the Canterbury House on Bancroft Way said, “If it wasn’t for JC, I wouldn’t be alive today.” Another man named Lawrence said he calls JC a friend who “goes above and beyond the call of duty.”
JC himself barely scrapes by. He took out a home equity loan on his house and relies on the generosity of friends to keep Night on the Streets operating on less than $30,000 per year. His only income besides Social Security is $6,000 a year from the city of Berkeley for running the shelter, and $750 a month from the American Friends Service Committee for coordinating the distribution of 20,000 copies per month of the homeless newspaper Street Spirit to vendors throughout the East Bay.
At a Presidents Day meal in February, JC said a prayer: “We need to treat the homeless as human, as our brothers, as children of God. We need to see that spark of divinity within each and everyone we meet. We need to see the living Christ in the soup line. Only then can we be radically transformed by love and kindness.”
When it rains in Berkeley, JC and the Catholic Worker go into high gear. JC runs the Emergency Storm Shelter, which opens up for 65 homeless on especially cold and wet nights between Thanksgiving and Easter. If it’s forecasted to rain that evening, he creates a flier on his computer titled “Gimme Shelter!” (a reference to The Rolling Stones song) and sends an email to 140 addresses, including the Berkeley Fire Department, Highland Hospital, John George Psychiatric Hospital, and many social service organizations throughout Alameda County. He drives around Berkeley posting the flier at shelters and parks.
He arrives at the shelter at Durant Avenue and Dana Street around 8:30 p.m. and hands out printed tickets numbering 1-65. These tickets guarantee a bed for the night inside the First Congregational Church. JC tells people to find a place to take cover from the rain and return at 9:45 to be admitted at 10. On nights when the church hall is being used for a concert, the shelter is closed.
JC said that, since the city of Berkeley increased the number of beds from 50 to 65 this year, he’s only had to turn away five people total in 25 nights. Looking at the stats, he said that nearly 15% of the shelter occupants are veterans, and the population is aging. There’s been an increase in the number of people over 55 in the shelter.
Roberto, who frequently stays at the shelter with his wife, Alicia, said of JC, “He does a lot for us. He does it all. He’s really good at helping the homeless people out.”
Some nights the homeless patrons will ask JC to say “the prayer” before bed. JC Orton will stand up and give a traditional Irish blessing: “May the Lord support you all the day long, ‘til the shadows lengthen and the evening comes, and the busy world is hushed, and the fever of life is over, and the day’s work is done. Then in His mercy may He give you a safe lodging, a holy rest and peace.”
JC walks laps around the space gradually turning the lights down. He makes sure people are settling in and turns the lights completely off at 11. He bids goodnight to the shelter workers and heads back home.
Why do the volunteers keep coming back? Hahn says JC Orton inspires and challenges him. Zyg figures that, since he has enough to get by and others don’t, he’s compelled to give back. For Brando, “It’s a state of mind. … These people aren’t things to step over when going to the movies, but they are human beings and deserve to be cared for.”
Matt Werner, 30, has been a volunteer with the Catholic Worker for 10 years. Visit its website to learn more about Night on the Streets Catholic Worker.